hydrops fetalis

hydrops fetalis
the accumulation of fluid in fetal tissues or body cavities. This may take the form of a cystic hygroma. In its most severe form, excessive fluid collects in the peritoneal cavity (see ascites), the pleural and pericardial cavities, and the soft tissues (see oedema). Hydrops may occur at any stage of gestation but is not usually seen until 16–18 weeks; the earlier it presents, the worse the prognosis. There are several causes of hydrops, one of which is severe anaemia associated with rhesus factor incompatibility (see haemolytic disease of the newborn). Other (nonimmune) causes include congenital heart defects, fetal arrhythmias, chromosomal abnormalities, and fetal infection with human parvovirus B19. Treatment before birth with intrauterine blood transfusions to the fetus may be undertaken in specialized fetal medicine units; without treatment the mortality is high. Prenatal ultrasound scanning enables early recognition of hydrops fetalis.

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  • Hydrops fetalis — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = Hydrops fetalis not due to haemolytic disease/isoimmunization ICD10 = ICD10|P|83|2|p|80 ICD9 = ICD9|778.0 Hydrops fetalis is a condition in the fetus characterized by an accumulation of fluid, or edema, in at least… …   Wikipedia

  • Hydrops fetalis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 P56 Hydrops fetalis durch hämolytische Krankheit P83.2 Hydrops fetalis, nicht durch hämolytische Krankheit bedingt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hydrops fetalis — Gross edema (swelling), usually with anemia, of the fetus. It can be due to Rh blood group incompatibility, in which antibodies crossing the placenta from the mother destroy the red blood cells of the fetus. It can also be caused by a lethal form …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrops fetalis immune — hydrops fetalis caused by maternal sensitization to a fetal blood group antigen; see erythroblastosis fetalis …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrops fetalis nonimmune — hydrops fetalis caused by any of a variety of nonimmunologic disorders, particularly cardiac defects …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrops fetalis — noun see hydrops 3 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hydrops — may refer to:Medicine* In general, hydrops (PronEng|ˈhаɪˌdrɒps) (HI drops) is another name for edema. ** Endolymphatic hydrops is Ménière s disease. ** Hydrops fetalis is edema in a fetus.Zoology* Hydrops , a monotypic snake genus with the only… …   Wikipedia

  • fetalis — see ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS, HYDROPS FETALIS …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrops — An excessive accumulation of clear, watery fluid in any of the tissues or cavities of the body; synonymous, according to its character and location, with ascites, anasarca, edema, etc. [G. h.] endolymphatic h. SYN: Ménière disease. fetal h., h.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Hydrops — Als Hydrops – der griechischen Bezeichnung für „Wassersucht“ – wird in der Medizin das vermehrte Auftreten von Wasser beziehungsweise seröser Flüssigkeit in vorgebildeten Hohlräumen bezeichnet. Im weiteren Sinne wird darunter auch das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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